Even those who realised the importance of prevention saw this as a matter of individual behaviour, not as something that public policy could or should influence.
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One of our immediate tasks was therefore to make the case for considering the determinants of health as important aspects of policy development in a range of policies, most of which had never been perceived as connected with health. This was done through the use of concrete examples, such as air pollution and road transport, the importance of food safety, and the absurdity of having a large CAP subsidy for tobacco cultivation.
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The time was ripe for this in terms of the state of European legislation. This unequivocally gave Europe a legal competence in health, and the focus was on health determinants; health services were explicitly excluded from European Union competence. Attention to health determinants was also appropriate to the European health programmes that already existed prior to the legal competence, e. Commission funding was obtained for a seminar in June This attracted a high level audience from the European institutions and from several member states, and gave a powerful impetus to the new organisation.
The memorandum that served as the basic text for that seminar, and which was published in a revised version 1 taking account of the discussion, became highly influential in the development of future European health policy. Starting in late , another issue became apparent, which was not on the agenda of any of the participating organisations but which nevertheless was extremely urgent and important. Unfortunately it took no account of the requirements of health or other statistical needs, research etc, and in the original draft would have had the effect of making a large proportion of epidemiological research designs illegal in the EC.
This succeeded in having the draft directive referred to the health Council of Ministers in , which substantially mitigated its most serious effects. These were drawn from the EC-level NGOs with an interest in health or related matters, and from national organisations of many kinds. It was through this building up of the membership base that EPHA developed into the broadly based and influential organisation that it has become. Health Promotion International ; 8: How it all started In September , a small group of people met with the idea of setting up an NGO in Brussels with the purpose of providing a focus for health concerns at the European, and especially the EC, level.
Before joining Nymity, Paul served as Senior International Officer at the Dutch Data Protection Authority, where he was involved in a large number of international data protection related projects, including the EU data protection reform and the Privacy Shield. In , he organised the International Privacy Conference in Amsterdam.
He has been responsible for the coordination and implementation of policies and activities since He was the Legal Adviser on data protection to the European Commission from to Prior to Nokia, she was a legal counsel at Remedy and started her career as an attorney and litigator. Leena has participated into numerous legal working groups and lectured widely in various seminars and universities. The author of numerous books and articles, Dr. He has participated in the work of numerous international organizations, and has taught courses at the summer session of the Hague Academy of International Law and at the summer school of the Academy of European Law in Florence.
Brian is recognised internationally as an expert in the field of information security and has worked with numerous companies in the private sector and with government departments, in Ireland, Europe and throughout the United Kingdom.
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Brian has also provided advice to the European Commission on matters relating to information security. He is on the advisory board for a number of innovative information security companies. He is a regular speaker at major industry conferences and regular contributes to industry publications.
Mika Lauhde engages with governments, industry partners, and SSH product- and service users on important security and privacy issues such as critical infrastructure protection, compliancy, software assurance, risk and identity management. Prior to joining SSH Communications Security, Mika Lauhde headed Business Security and Continuity in Nokia Corporation, where he was accountable of Government Relations in Cyber Security area, Criminal compliancy and forensic, Nokia wide crisis management as well terminal and manufacturing related security tool manufacturing.
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Mika has an extensive experience with cyber security related topics and governmental institutions both in Europe and USA. Herke Kranenborg is a member of the Legal Service of the European Commission working in the area of privacy and data protection.
In the same period he wrote a PhD on how to reconcile the EU fundamental rights to privacy and data protection with the EU fundamental right of public access to documents. He holds a Law Degree obtained at the University of Bologna.
European Consumer Policy after Maastricht | N. Reich | Springer
After working in the private sector as legal counsel for the human resources department of an international transportation group, I joined the French data protection authority CNIL where I worked with the legal department employment sector unit and police-justice sector unit and with the CNIL's international department. In this latest capacity, I worked as a member of the WP29 presidency team, co-coordinator of the Financial matters subgroup, and coordinator of the international transfers subgroup. I developed expertise on the EU framework for personal data transfers and recently worked closely on the Privacy Shield.
She spent the past 15 years optimizing digital data-based decision-making processes. Jeroen H. Terstegge is partner at Privacy Management Partners, a Dutch consultancy firm which provides privacy compliance management services, DPO services, privacy training and regulatory affairs.